Research theme 1
Atlantic worlds, societies, exchanges and powers
The formations of the colonial societies, the slave trade, the "racialized" slavery and the transatlantic exchanges have mainly guided the research and the discussion during the last twenty years.
This focus on the Atlantic area of the 18th and 19th centuries has contributed to characterize the Americas as the place of the novelty, in opposition to Europe and Africa, places of permanence and inaction.
To consider the Atlantic theme in a long-term chronology, from the Middle-Age to nowadays and in a wider geographical area with an emphasis on the exchanges between Africa, Europe and the Americas, opens new avenues for research which will lead to a reformulation of Atlantic worlds and societies.
Our researches will be structured around four sub-themes :
- Migrations, transfers, loyalty and citizenship : Europe – the Americas
- Atlantic economies
- The transatlantic State
- Atlantic cities and heritage
The collaboration between Americanist, Africanist and Europeanist researchers in our centre enables us to overcome national divisions between the Spanish, Portuguese, French or English area and to set our researches in a global and comparative perspective...
Research theme 2
France, Europe and the world : international relations, identities and North-South representations
The Research theme 2 gathers together historians and writers around the study of international relations from the modern age to nowadays. The theme prefers the construction of political, social and cultural identities with the other. In a cross-disciplinary approach, different forms of the exchanges between France, Europe and the world are addressed :
- Cultural and political transfers
- Changes in the French influence in Europe and in the world
- Emergence of local and regional ideas in international relationships
The team studies all types of relations and international exchanges from the usual action of the states (defence, diplomacy, influence) to the representations (image and literature) of the actors who contribute to the construction of identity. A North-South approach based on the effects of the successive “globalisations” is prioritized.
The research is based on local and regional resources, thanks to the traditional openness of western France towards overseas and foreign territories. All areas are considered : Europe, America and Africa around the Atlantic ocean but also Asia and Oceania, notably by the researchers based in La Rochelle...
Research theme 3
Exchanges and mediations in ancient and medieval worlds
To work on exchanges is a main issue today. This is justified by a globalisation, represented by the flows of information, people and good, which make people more and more connected.
The objective of the research theme 3 is to study exchanges with hindsight. The notion of “mediation” will be studied, on theoretical and practical aspects, as a privileged way of exchanges during the Antiquity and the Middle-Age both by the rituals and by the importance done to the space of meetings.
The exchanges with research themes 1 and 2 will be fostered thanks to transversal issues such as colonisation, empires, mobility and migrations...
Multiannual theme :
- Sea and coastline interactions
- Migrations and circulation of knowledge and representations
- Colonization, decolonization and risks
- Defence and expansion
- Cities and Empires